Command Section

SSH_CONFIG(5)		  FreeBSD File Formats Manual		 SSH_CONFIG(5)

NAME
     ssh_config -- OpenSSH SSH client configuration files

SYNOPSIS
     $HOME/.ssh/config
     /QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_config

DESCRIPTION
     ssh obtains configuration data from the following sources in the follow-
     ing order:
	   1.	command-line options
	   2.	user's configuration file ($HOME/.ssh/config)
	   3.	system-wide configuration file
		(/QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_config)

     For each parameter, the first obtained value will be used.  The configu-
     ration files contain sections bracketed by ``Host'' specifications, and
     that section is only applied for hosts that match one of the patterns
     given in the specification.  The matched host name is the one given on
     the command line.

     Since the first obtained value for each parameter is used, more host-spe-
     cific declarations should be given near the beginning of the file, and
     general defaults at the end.

     The configuration file has the following format:

     Empty lines and lines starting with `#' are comments.

     Otherwise a line is of the format ``keyword arguments''.  Configuration
     options may be separated by whitespace or optional whitespace and exactly
     one `='; the latter format is useful to avoid the need to quote white-
     space when specifying configuration options using the ssh, scp and sftp
     -o option.

     The possible keywords and their meanings are as follows (note that key-
     words are case-insensitive and arguments are case-sensitive):

     Host    Restricts the following declarations (up to the next Host key-
	     word) to be only for those hosts that match one of the patterns
	     given after the keyword.  `*' and `?' can be used as wildcards in
	     the patterns.  A single `*' as a pattern can be used to provide
	     global defaults for all hosts.  The host is the hostname argument
	     given on the command line (i.e., the name is not converted to a
	     canonicalized host name before matching).

     AddressFamily
	     Specifies which address family to use when connecting.  Valid
	     arguments are ``any'', ``inet'' (Use IPv4 only) or ``inet6'' (Use
	     IPv6 only.)

     BatchMode
	     If set to ``yes'', passphrase/password querying will be disabled.
	     This option is useful in scripts and other batch jobs where no
	     user is present to supply the password.  The argument must be
	     ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is ``no''.

     BindAddress
	     Specify the interface to transmit from on machines with multiple
	     interfaces or aliased addresses.  Note that this option does not
	     work if UsePrivilegedPort is set to ``yes''.

     ChallengeResponseAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to use challenge response authentication.  The
	     argument to this keyword must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default
	     is ``yes''.

     CheckHostIP
	     If this flag is set to ``yes'', ssh will additionally check the
	     host IP address in the known_hosts file.  This allows ssh to
	     detect if a host key changed due to DNS spoofing.	If the option
	     is set to ``no'', the check will not be executed.	The default is
	     ``yes''.

     Cipher  Specifies the cipher to use for encrypting the session in proto-
	     col version 1.  Currently, ``blowfish'', ``3des'', and ``des''
	     are supported.  des is only supported in the ssh client for
	     interoperability with legacy protocol 1 implementations that do
	     not support the 3des cipher.  Its use is strongly discouraged due
	     to cryptographic weaknesses.  The default is ``3des''.

     Ciphers
	     Specifies the ciphers allowed for protocol version 2 in order of
	     preference.  Multiple ciphers must be comma-separated.  The
	     default is

	       ``aes128-cbc,3des-cbc,blowfish-cbc,cast128-cbc,arcfour,
		 aes192-cbc,aes256-cbc''

     ClearAllForwardings
	     Specifies that all local, remote and dynamic port forwardings
	     specified in the configuration files or on the command line be
	     cleared.  This option is primarily useful when used from the ssh
	     command line to clear port forwardings set in configuration
	     files, and is automatically set by scp(1) and sftp(1).  The argu-
	     ment must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is ``no''.

     Compression
	     Specifies whether to use compression.  The argument must be
	     ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is ``no''.

     CompressionLevel
	     Specifies the compression level to use if compression is enabled.
	     The argument must be an integer from 1 (fast) to 9 (slow, best).
	     The default level is 6, which is good for most applications.  The
	     meaning of the values is the same as in gzip(1).  Note that this
	     option applies to protocol version 1 only.

     ConnectionAttempts
	     Specifies the number of tries (one per second) to make before
	     exiting.  The argument must be an integer.  This may be useful in
	     scripts if the connection sometimes fails.  The default is 1.

     ConnectTimeout
	     Specifies the timeout (in seconds) used when connecting to the
	     ssh server, instead of using the default system TCP timeout.
	     This value is used only when the target is down or really
	     unreachable, not when it refuses the connection.

     DynamicForward
	     Specifies that a TCP/IP port on the local machine be forwarded
	     over the secure channel, and the application protocol is then
	     used to determine where to connect to from the remote machine.
	     The argument must be a port number.  Currently the SOCKS4 and
	     SOCKS5 protocols are supported, and ssh will act as a SOCKS
	     server.  Multiple forwardings may be specified, and additional
	     forwardings can be given on the command line.  Only the superuser
	     can forward privileged ports.

     EnableSSHKeysign
	     Setting this option to ``yes'' in the global client configuration
	     file
	     /QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_config
	     enables the use of the helper program ssh-keysign(8) during
	     HostbasedAuthentication.  The argument must be ``yes'' or ``no''.
	     The default is ``no''.  This option should be placed in the non-
	     hostspecific section.  See ssh-keysign(8) for more information.

     EscapeChar
	     Sets the escape character (default: `~').	The escape character
	     can also be set on the command line.  The argument should be a
	     single character, `^' followed by a letter, or ``none'' to dis-
	     able the escape character entirely (making the connection trans-
	     parent for binary data).

     ForwardAgent
	     Specifies whether the connection to the authentication agent (if
	     any) will be forwarded to the remote machine.  The argument must
	     be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is ``no''.

	     Agent forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the
	     ability to bypass file permissions on the remote host (for the
	     agent's Unix-domain socket) can access the local agent through
	     the forwarded connection.	An attacker cannot obtain key material
	     from the agent, however they can perform operations on the keys
	     that enable them to authenticate using the identities loaded into
	     the agent.

     ForwardX11
	     Specifies whether X11 connections will be automatically redi-
	     rected over the secure channel and DISPLAY set.  The argument
	     must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is ``no''.

	     X11 forwarding should be enabled with caution.  Users with the
	     ability to bypass file permissions on the remote host (for the
	     user's X11 authorization database) can access the local X11 dis-
	     play through the forwarded connection.  An attacker may then be
	     able to perform activities such as keystroke monitoring if the
	     ForwardX11Trusted option is also enabled.

     ForwardX11Trusted
	     If the this option is set to ``yes'' then remote X11 clients will
	     have full access to the original X11 display.  If this option is
	     set to ``no'' then remote X11 clients will be considered
	     untrusted and prevented from stealing or tampering with data
	     belonging to trusted X11 clients.

	     The default is ``no''.

	     See the X11 SECURITY extension specification for full details on
	     the restrictions imposed on untrusted clients.

     GatewayPorts
	     Specifies whether remote hosts are allowed to connect to local
	     forwarded ports.  By default, ssh binds local port forwardings to
	     the loopback address.  This prevents other remote hosts from con-
	     necting to forwarded ports.  GatewayPorts can be used to specify
	     that ssh should bind local port forwardings to the wildcard
	     address, thus allowing remote hosts to connect to forwarded
	     ports.  The argument must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is
	     ``no''.

     GlobalKnownHostsFile
	     Specifies a file to use for the global host key database instead
	     of
	     /QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_known_hosts.

     GSSAPIAuthentication
	     Specifies whether user authentication based on GSSAPI is allowed.
	     The default is ``no''.  Note that this option applies to protocol
	     version 2 only.

     GSSAPIDelegateCredentials
	     Forward (delegate) credentials to the server.  The default is
	     ``no''.  Note that this option applies to protocol version 2
	     only.

     HostbasedAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with public
	     key authentication.  The argument must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The
	     default is ``no''.  This option applies to protocol version 2
	     only and is similar to RhostsRSAAuthentication.

     HostKeyAlgorithms
	     Specifies the protocol version 2 host key algorithms that the
	     client wants to use in order of preference.  The default for this
	     option is: ``ssh-rsa,ssh-dss''.

     HostKeyAlias
	     Specifies an alias that should be used instead of the real host
	     name when looking up or saving the host key in the host key data-
	     base files.  This option is useful for tunneling ssh connections
	     or for multiple servers running on a single host.

     HostName
	     Specifies the real host name to log into.	This can be used to
	     specify nicknames or abbreviations for hosts.  Default is the
	     name given on the command line.  Numeric IP addresses are also
	     permitted (both on the command line and in HostName specifica-
	     tions).

     IdentityFile
	     Specifies a file from which the user's RSA or DSA authentication
	     identity is read.	The default is $HOME/.ssh/identity for proto-
	     col version 1, and $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa and $HOME/.ssh/id_dsa for
	     protocol version 2.  Additionally, any identities represented by
	     the authentication agent will be used for authentication.	The
	     file name may use the tilde syntax to refer to a user's home
	     directory.  It is possible to have multiple identity files speci-
	     fied in configuration files; all these identities will be tried
	     in sequence.

     IdentitiesOnly
	     Specifies that ssh should only use the authentication identity
	     files configured in the ssh_config files, even if the ssh-agent
	     offers more identities.  The argument to this keyword must be
	     ``yes'' or ``no''.  This option is intented for situations where
	     ssh-agent offers many different identities.  The default is
	     ``no''.

     LocalForward
	     Specifies that a TCP/IP port on the local machine be forwarded
	     over the secure channel to the specified host and port from the
	     remote machine.  The first argument must be a port number, and
	     the second must be host:port.  IPv6 addresses can be specified
	     with an alternative syntax: host/port.  Multiple forwardings may
	     be specified, and additional forwardings can be given on the com-
	     mand line.  Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.

     LogLevel
	     Gives the verbosity level that is used when logging messages from
	     ssh.  The possible values are: QUIET, FATAL, ERROR, INFO, VER-
	     BOSE, DEBUG, DEBUG1, DEBUG2 and DEBUG3.  The default is INFO.
	     DEBUG and DEBUG1 are equivalent.  DEBUG2 and DEBUG3 each specify
	     higher levels of verbose output.

     MACs    Specifies the MAC (message authentication code) algorithms in
	     order of preference.  The MAC algorithm is used in protocol ver-
	     sion 2 for data integrity protection.  Multiple algorithms must
	     be comma-separated.  The default is
	     ``hmac-md5,hmac-sha1,hmac-ripemd160,hmac-sha1-96,hmac-md5-96''.

     NoHostAuthenticationForLocalhost
	     This option can be used if the home directory is shared across
	     machines.	In this case localhost will refer to a different
	     machine on each of the machines and the user will get many warn-
	     ings about changed host keys.  However, this option disables host
	     authentication for localhost.  The argument to this keyword must
	     be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is to check the host key for
	     localhost.

     NumberOfPasswordPrompts
	     Specifies the number of password prompts before giving up.  The
	     argument to this keyword must be an integer.  Default is 3.

     PasswordAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to use password authentication.	The argument
	     to this keyword must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is
	     ``yes''.

     Port    Specifies the port number to connect on the remote host.  Default
	     is 22.

     PreferredAuthentications
	     Specifies the order in which the client should try protocol 2
	     authentication methods.  This allows a client to prefer one
	     method (e.g.  keyboard-interactive) over another method (e.g.
	     password) The default for this option is:
	     ``hostbased,publickey,keyboard-interactive,password''.

     Protocol
	     Specifies the protocol versions ssh should support in order of
	     preference.  The possible values are ``1'' and ``2''.  Multiple
	     versions must be comma-separated.	The default is ``2,1''.  This
	     means that ssh tries version 2 and falls back to version 1 if
	     version 2 is not available.

     ProxyCommand
	     Specifies the command to use to connect to the server.  The com-
	     mand string extends to the end of the line, and is executed with
	     /bin/sh.  In the command string, `%h' will be substituted by the
	     host name to connect and `%p' by the port.  The command can be
	     basically anything, and should read from its standard input and
	     write to its standard output.  It should eventually connect an
	     sshd(8) server running on some machine, or execute sshd -i some-
	     where.  Host key management will be done using the HostName of
	     the host being connected (defaulting to the name typed by the
	     user).  Setting the command to ``none'' disables this option
	     entirely.	Note that CheckHostIP is not available for connects
	     with a proxy command.

     PubkeyAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to try public key authentication.  The argument
	     to this keyword must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is
	     ``yes''.  This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     RemoteForward
	     Specifies that a TCP/IP port on the remote machine be forwarded
	     over the secure channel to the specified host and port from the
	     local machine.  The first argument must be a port number, and the
	     second must be host:port.	IPv6 addresses can be specified with
	     an alternative syntax: host/port.	Multiple forwardings may be
	     specified, and additional forwardings can be given on the command
	     line.  Only the superuser can forward privileged ports.

     RhostsRSAAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to try rhosts based authentication with RSA
	     host authentication.  The argument must be ``yes'' or ``no''.
	     The default is ``no''.  This option applies to protocol version 1
	     only and requires ssh to be setuid root.

     RSAAuthentication
	     Specifies whether to try RSA authentication.  The argument to
	     this keyword must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  RSA authentication will
	     only be attempted if the identity file exists, or an authentica-
	     tion agent is running.  The default is ``yes''.  Note that this
	     option applies to protocol version 1 only.

     ServerAliveInterval
	     Sets a timeout interval in seconds after which if no data has
	     been received from the server, ssh will send a message through
	     the encrypted channel to request a response from the server.  The
	     default is 0, indicating that these messages will not be sent to
	     the server.  This option applies to protocol version 2 only.

     ServerAliveCountMax
	     Sets the number of server alive messages (see above) which may be
	     sent without ssh receiving any messages back from the server.  If
	     this threshold is reached while server alive messages are being
	     sent, ssh will disconnect from the server, terminating the ses-
	     sion.  It is important to note that the use of server alive mes-
	     sages is very different from TCPKeepAlive (below).  The server
	     alive messages are sent through the encrypted channel and there-
	     fore will not be spoofable.  The TCP keepalive option enabled by
	     TCPKeepAlive is spoofable.  The server alive mechanism is valu-
	     able when the client or server depend on knowing when a connec-
	     tion has become inactive.

	     The default value is 3.  If, for example, ServerAliveInterval
	     (above) is set to 15, and ServerAliveCountMax is left at the
	     default, if the server becomes unresponsive ssh will disconnect
	     after approximately 45 seconds.

     SmartcardDevice
	     Specifies which smartcard device to use.  The argument to this
	     keyword is the device ssh should use to communicate with a smart-
	     card used for storing the user's private RSA key.	By default, no
	     device is specified and smartcard support is not activated.

     StrictHostKeyChecking
	     If this flag is set to ``yes'', ssh will never automatically add
	     host keys to the $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts file, and refuses to con-
	     nect to hosts whose host key has changed.	This provides maximum
	     protection against trojan horse attacks, however, can be annoying
	     when the
	     /QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_known_hosts
	     file is poorly maintained, or connections to new hosts are fre-
	     quently made.  This option forces the user to manually add all
	     new hosts.  If this flag is set to ``no'', ssh will automatically
	     add new host keys to the user known hosts files.  If this flag is
	     set to ``ask'', new host keys will be added to the user known
	     host files only after the user has confirmed that is what they
	     really want to do, and ssh will refuse to connect to hosts whose
	     host key has changed.  The host keys of known hosts will be veri-
	     fied automatically in all cases.  The argument must be ``yes'',
	     ``no'' or ``ask''.  The default is ``ask''.

     TCPKeepAlive
	     Specifies whether the system should send TCP keepalive messages
	     to the other side.  If they are sent, death of the connection or
	     crash of one of the machines will be properly noticed.  However,
	     this means that connections will die if the route is down tempo-
	     rarily, and some people find it annoying.

	     The default is ``yes'' (to send TCP keepalive messages), and the
	     client will notice if the network goes down or the remote host
	     dies.  This is important in scripts, and many users want it too.

	     To disable TCP keepalive messages, the value should be set to
	     ``no''.

     UsePrivilegedPort
	     Specifies whether to use a privileged port for outgoing connec-
	     tions.  The argument must be ``yes'' or ``no''.  The default is
	     ``no''.  If set to ``yes'' ssh must be setuid root.  Note that
	     this option must be set to ``yes'' for RhostsRSAAuthentication
	     with older servers.

     User    Specifies the user to log in as.  This can be useful when a dif-
	     ferent user name is used on different machines.  This saves the
	     trouble of having to remember to give the user name on the com-
	     mand line.

     UserKnownHostsFile
	     Specifies a file to use for the user host key database instead of
	     $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts.

     VerifyHostKeyDNS
	     Specifies whether to verify the remote key using DNS and SSHFP
	     resource records.	If this option is set to ``yes'', the client
	     will implicitly trust keys that match a secure fingerprint from
	     DNS.  Insecure fingerprints will be handled as if this option was
	     set to ``ask''.  If this option is set to ``ask'', information on
	     fingerprint match will be displayed, but the user will still need
	     to confirm new host keys according to the StrictHostKeyChecking
	     option.  The argument must be ``yes'', ``no'' or ``ask''.	The
	     default is ``no''.  Note that this option applies to protocol
	     version 2 only.

     XAuthLocation
	     Specifies the full pathname of the xauth(1) program.  The default
	     is undefined.

FILES
     $HOME/.ssh/config
	     This is the per-user configuration file.  The format of this file
	     is described above.  This file is used by the ssh client.	This
	     file does not usually contain any sensitive information, but the
	     recommended permissions are read/write for the user, and not
	     accessible by others.

     /QOpenSys/QIBM/ProdData/SC1/OpenSSH/openssh-3.8p1/etc/ssh_config
	     Systemwide configuration file.  This file provides defaults for
	     those values that are not specified in the user's configuration
	     file, and for those users who do not have a configuration file.
	     This file must be world-readable.

SEE ALSO
     ssh(1)

AUTHORS
     OpenSSH is a derivative of the original and free ssh 1.2.12 release by
     Tatu Ylonen.  Aaron Campbell, Bob Beck, Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo
     de Raadt and Dug Song removed many bugs, re-added newer features and cre-
     ated OpenSSH.  Markus Friedl contributed the support for SSH protocol
     versions 1.5 and 2.0.

FreeBSD 8.4		      September 25, 1999		   FreeBSD 8.4

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